Are tomatoes fruit or vegetable? Is a Jaffa Cake a cake or a biscuit? In 1991, the latter question was finally settled through a court-case; after considering eight different attributes of the snack, it was agreed that Jaffa Cakes are legally cakes, not biscuits. Unfortunately, not all debates end with such a definitive resolution. In this paper we explore how the role of Electronic Liquidity Providers (ELPs) has changed over time and how the lines between ‘lit’ and ‘dark’, ‘toxic’ and ‘non-toxic’ liquidity are not as clear as they seem. We show that by carefully managing our interaction with liquidity sources at all levels we can provide high-quality, low-impact liquidity from sources previously perceived as toxic.
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